Roman names lesson plan by Nicole Wellington
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(This is a 15-20 minute activity, with a possible extension.)
I. Consider these discussion questions:
- What does your name mean to you?
- How do you feel when you see your name written somewhere?
- How do you feel when you see your name or do not see your name on different souvenirs (i.e. keychains, stickers, ornaments)?
- Why do you think people use graffiti to write their names on desks, walls, bridges, etc.?
II. Discuss Roman naming conventions. See Roman Nomenclature by Prof. Rebecca R. Benefiel. For example,
- Romans had a different number of names depending on their status (free, freed, slave) and gender (female, male).
- Slaves had a single name. Male citizens might have as many as five parts to their name. Women had between one and three elements for their names.
- Learn more about the praenomen, nomen, filiation, tribal affiliation, and cognomen here.
III. Have students choose a Roman nomen. You can use the list below (or download this longer list). Students can add on the other pieces of their name, according to whether they have chosen a male or female name.
- Drusilla, Flora, Terentia, Marcella, Scribonia, Valeria, et cetera
- Marcus, Sextus, Cornelius, Iulius, Calpurnius, Clodius, et cetera
- Have students make observations about the endings of the female names and the male names. This can lead to a discussion of gender of Latin nouns.
- For female names, have students discuss why women were defined by their fathers’ names. (Roman women did not change their name when they married.)
IV. Check out these graffiti from Herculaneum featuring names.
CIL IV 10620 : Bucolus
CIL IV 10703 : Marcus
AGP# 156980 : Sabina
CIL IV 10532 : Faustus and Nothus, written in the shape of boats
CIL IV 10655a : Silentiolus, written in the shape of a boat
See if students can figure out what the names are using the alphabet graffiti conventions here. It may help to print this out for students. It would be a great idea to have a laminated (if not laminated, then placed in a plastic protective sleeve) classroom set of these sheets to use for graffiti lessons.
When students have chosen their Latin names, have them write their names on the classroom “graffiti wall.” The classroom graffiti wall can be a bulletin board covered with Kraft paper. Have students choose an alphabet from the alphabet conventions sheet (see Lesson Plan 1) and use that alphabet to write their name with a black sharpie. It is good for students to make mistakes and cross them out, as this is how it happened with real graffiti. If you have made plaster of Paris pieces for your students, have them scratch their Latin names with their stylus.